Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Hypnosis Essays - Hypnosis, Hypnotherapy, Trance, Animal Magnetism

Hypnosis Essays - Hypnosis, Hypnotherapy, Trance, Animal Magnetism Hypnosis Hypnosis Recently, I was watching an episode of the Ricki Lake Show that featured a master hypnotist. Glued to the television, I witnessed a group of volunteers make fools of themselves - dancing with mops, impersonating animals, and other abnormal acts. Thus, my curiosity peaked. Over the years, hypnosis has been a topic studied by scientists, doctors, philosophers, new agers, and those such as myself. The Encarta Encyclopedia defines hypnosis as, an altered state of consciousness and heightened responsiveness to suggestion. It may be induced by normal persons through a variety of methods and has been used occasionally in medical and psychiatric treatment. Most frequently brought about through the actions of an operator, or hypnotist, who engages the attention of a subject and assigns certain tasks to him or her while uttering monotonous, repetitive verbal commands. Such tasks may include muscle relaxation, eye fixation, and arm levitation. Hypnosis also may be self-induced, by trained practices and rituals that are found in many mystical, philosophical, and religious systems. Hypnosis has many useful situations. One would be in the area of memory. When you are entranced in the hypnotic state, your sense of memory is enhanced. Although this is true, the things that are remembered cannot always be regarded as the truth. Sometimes when a person is entranced, they will remember things that never actually happened, but have great personal significance. One area that has caused tremendous controversy is in the area of hypnotizability. The question has been raised many times if there are certain people who can be hypnotized and certain people who cannot be hypnotize. There are people indeed who can and cannot. The only thing it depends on is how well you can focus. People who have better focus generally have better results with hypnotism, and people who have a harder time focusing tend to be less susceptible, as a general rule. Although hypnosis is totally safe as long as your hypnotist is competent and trustworthy, some skeptical people still have fears and concerns. This once again, all relies on how ethical your hypnotist is. Some people also think that people lose control of their actions when they are hypnotized. In a way, you do lose control. From what I have learned, you enter what I describe as an uninhibited state, where things that you would normally find horribly embarrassing would seem perfectly normal, but you do not give up control over moral decisions. A person in a hypnotic trance can come out anytime they want to if they are asked to do something that goes against their moral values. Another use of hypnosis is in therapy. This is called hypnotherapy. Hypnotherapy can be defined as the use of hypnosis for self-improvement and/or the release of problems. All hypnotherapy employs hypnosis, but all hypnosis is not hypnotherapy. Hypnotherapy has a wide variety of uses. Some surgeons and anesthesiologists use it in controlling pain, relaxing the patient, relieving postsurgical depression, and controlling nausea. It is helpful in treating sexual disorders such as impotence, frigidity, and the psychosomatic disorders. Treatment of problems using hypnosis has been used throughout history. Although evidence suggests that hypnosis has been practiced in some form or another for several thousand years (such as coal walking), the earliest recorded history of begins in 1734 with a man named Franz Anton Mesmer. Although, he was eventually disavowed by the scientific community because of his unorthodox methods that made him more of a mysticist than a scientist, he is generally known as the father of hypnotism. Mesmer called his methods mesmerism, thus came the word mesmerize. But the name didn't stick, it later changed to hypnosis, its name being derived from Hypnos, the Greek god of sleep.

Sunday, March 1, 2020

Indefinite Articles When to Use An Instead of A - Proofeds Writing Tips

Indefinite Articles When to Use An Instead of A - Proofeds Writing Tips Indefinite Articles: When to Use An Instead of A The problem with the English language is that it rarely sticks to its own rules. This can be confusing when it comes to ensuring high grammatical standards. The indefinite article, for example, can be either â€Å"a† or â€Å"an† depending on the situation. And while this is probably a word you use on a daily basis without even thinking about it, it is still one that many people find confusing. Why Are There Two Versions of This Word? There are two versions of the indefinite article in English because it is easier to pronounce â€Å"an† than â€Å"a† when it comes before a word beginning with a vowel. Using â€Å"an† separates the article from the following noun, so â€Å"an office† is correct but â€Å"a office† would sound wrong to most people. The general rule is to use â€Å"an† before words beginning with vowels and â€Å"a† before words beginning in consonants. But, as with most rules, there are exceptions to this, which is where things get tricky. Hard Vowels One important exception is words beginning with hard vowels. This includes any word that starts with a vowel but sounds like it doesn’t, such as â€Å"university† or â€Å"Europe.† Although these words start with â€Å"u† and â€Å"Eu† respectively, they are pronounced with a â€Å"you-† sound at the beginning. For instance, it is â€Å"you-niversity† rather than â€Å"oo-niversity.† In cases like this the word should be preceded with â€Å"a† rather than â€Å"an,† as in the following example: The koala lived in a eucalyptus tree Correct The koala lived in an eucalyptus tree Incorrect Soft Consonants Another issue that many find confusing is whether to use â€Å"an† before words starting with â€Å"h.† This is, in fact, much simpler to resolve in American English than in other English speaking countries, where words like â€Å"historical† and â€Å"heroic† are sometimes pronounced with a silent â€Å"h.† In Britain, for example, you might meet people who write â€Å"an hotel† rather than â€Å"a hotel.† But in the US this is very rare. If in doubt, the key again lies in the pronunciation. Do you pronounce the â€Å"h† at the start of the word? If so use â€Å"a†; if not use â€Å"an.† For example: There was a house on a hill Correct There was an house on an hill Incorrect Basil is an herb commonly used in Italian cuisine Correct Basil is a herb commonly used in Italian cuisine Incorrect In summary, if you’re ever confused about whether to use â€Å"a† or â€Å"an† in your writing, try reading it out loud; if it starts with a consonant sound, use â€Å"a,† while words which start with a vowel sound need â€Å"an.† And if ever you see a horned horse flying a rotary aircraft, remember that it’s â€Å"a unicorn piloting a helicopter† and not â€Å"an unicorn piloting an helicopter.† You’ll find more helpful grammar tips on our academic blog, while if you’d like to have your work checked by one of our expert proofreaders here at Proofed we offer a variety of services to meet your specific requirements.

Friday, February 14, 2020

How the deficits of the 1980's contributed to the prosperity of the Term Paper

How the deficits of the 1980's contributed to the prosperity of the 1990's - Term Paper Example These are: (1) to reduce the growth of government spending, (2) to reduce the marginal tax rates on income from both labor and capital, (3) to reduce regulation, and (4) to reduce inflation by controlling the growth of the money supply† (Niskanen, â€Å"Encyclopedia†). These changes reduced taxes for most wage earners, and most of the poor were actually exempted from taxes. Reagan also eliminated price controls on oil and natural gas, long distance telephone service, and ocean shipping. As reported by the Joint Economic Committee in April of 2000, Reagan’s polices resulted in the largest peacetime economic boom in American history. It also resulted to 35 million jobs for many Americans. The committee reports, â€Å"[i]n 1981, newly elected President Ronald Reagan refocused fiscal policy on the long run†¦these were fundamental changes that proved the foundation for the Great Expansion that began in December 1982† (Sperry, â€Å"Issues†). At the b eginning of the 1990s when Reagan’s tax rate cuts were set in place, tax payers who earned more were taxed more, and those who earned less were taxed less. This gave a chance for those in the lower rungs of the economic ladder to recover from their difficult economic situation. The reductions in income tax for those who had lower income were so dramatic because President Reagan doubled the personal exemption; he also increased the standard deduction, and he tripled the earned income tax credit. Earned income tax credit gave net cash to single-parent families with children at the lowest income levels. Reagan’s economic policies practically took from the rich and took less from the poor, and this gave the lower income group in American society a chance to recover and improve their lives. The eventual manifestations of improved life were later seen in the 1990s. The stimulants for growth in the 1990s can be traced back to the economic measures and policies which were implemented during the

Saturday, February 1, 2020

Recruitement Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Recruitement - Research Paper Example This would then be advertised as appropriate. The Pepsi website often advertises jobs to support recruitment of staff members. Pepsi also recruits from Twitter and LinkedIn. These social media enables them to send job vacancies to people who qualify for them. At other times, they send the vacancy advert to local newspapers. For top level jobs or jobs at regional or international levels, they advertise in international media like global news channels like Al Jazeera and global newspapers like TIME magazine. Candidates apply to Pepsi when they feel they are qualified. Once applications are received for the recruitment exercise, the appropriate HR staff and relevant managers assess the claims and offer jobs. Pepsi is in competition with major companies like Coca Cola. As such, they will need to ensure that they recruit only the best people who can keep Pepsi at the top. This is because if they get the best in the industry, they are likely to overtake their competitors. Pepsi appears to be a friendly organization because they offer people the chance to work with them. Their website shows a lot of details about their recruitment. This presents them as a positive organization to the world. Organizational goals in Pepsi is always matched with the mission and vision declared by the management of the company. As such, recruitment enables the management of Pepsi to ensure that only the best people who can attain a given vision at every point in time are employed. This enables them to use their human resource in the most effective and most strategic way possible. Since Pepsi is a big organization, putting together a recruitment campaign is expensive. First of all, they will have to maintain a big human resource management team that would continue to study the organization and plan recruitment activities. Secondly, the costs of advertising and maintaining the Pepsi website is bloated because of recruitment. Additionally,

Friday, January 24, 2020

Burns :: essays research papers

Burns Epidemiology: US – 2M seek serious burns  70k require hospitalizations, 5k die Usually caused by careless and ignorance, nearly half are smoking or alcohol -related. Goal: well healed durable skin with normal function and near-normal appearance. Pathology Cutaneous burns – caused primarily by the application of heat to the skin resulting in coagulative necrosis of some or all of the epidermis and dermis. Depth of burn – depends on heat of the burn source, thickness of the skin, duration of contact, and the blood flow. Classifications: Shallow burns †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  First Degree – involve only the epidermis; no blisters; painful and erythematous due to dermal vasodilation; erythema and pain subsides in 2-3 days; desquamation occurs in day 4 †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Superficial Dermal Burns (Second Degree) - include the upper layer of the dermis; form blisters at the interface of the epidermis and dermis; when blisters are removed, wound is pink and wet, and currents of air passing over it cause pain; wound is hypersensitive and blanches with pressure; if without infection, spontaneous healing in 5% TBSA in any age group 5.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Electrical burns including lightning injury 6.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Chemical injury 7.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Inhalation injury 8.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Burns of any size in patients with pre-existing medical disorders that could complicate management, prolong recovery, or affect mortality 9.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Burns with concomitant mechanical trauma (e.g. fractures) where the burn injury poses the greatest risk of morbidity and mortality 10.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Burns in children if there are no qualified personnel or equipment for pediatric care at the initial hospital 11.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Burns in patients requiring special social, emotional, and/or long-term rehabilitative support, including cases of suspected child abuse, substance abuse, etc Emergency Care Airway – initial attention must be directed to this; if patient is rescued from a burning building or exposed to a smoky fire, place on 100% oxygen by tight-fitting mask; if patient unconscious, place ET tube attached to a source of 100% oxygen Once airway is secured, assess patient for other injuries and transport to the nearest hospital. Begin fluid administration of crystalloid solution at a rate of approximately 1L/h. Wrap patient in clean sheet, remove constricting clothing and jewelries. Cold application is used in smaller burns, particularly scalds. Ice should not be used. Assessment of Inhalational Injury - suspect for patients with a flame burn, esp in enclosed space. Hoarseness and expiratory wheezes are signs of potentially serious airway edema or smoke poisoning; inspect mouth for swelling, blisters, soot; copious mucus production and carbonaceous sputum are signs of smoke inhalation and other products of combustion; get ABGs and carboxyhemoglobin levels (if >1, smoke inhalation) Burns :: essays research papers Burns Epidemiology: US – 2M seek serious burns  70k require hospitalizations, 5k die Usually caused by careless and ignorance, nearly half are smoking or alcohol -related. Goal: well healed durable skin with normal function and near-normal appearance. Pathology Cutaneous burns – caused primarily by the application of heat to the skin resulting in coagulative necrosis of some or all of the epidermis and dermis. Depth of burn – depends on heat of the burn source, thickness of the skin, duration of contact, and the blood flow. Classifications: Shallow burns †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  First Degree – involve only the epidermis; no blisters; painful and erythematous due to dermal vasodilation; erythema and pain subsides in 2-3 days; desquamation occurs in day 4 †¢Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Superficial Dermal Burns (Second Degree) - include the upper layer of the dermis; form blisters at the interface of the epidermis and dermis; when blisters are removed, wound is pink and wet, and currents of air passing over it cause pain; wound is hypersensitive and blanches with pressure; if without infection, spontaneous healing in 5% TBSA in any age group 5.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Electrical burns including lightning injury 6.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Chemical injury 7.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Inhalation injury 8.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Burns of any size in patients with pre-existing medical disorders that could complicate management, prolong recovery, or affect mortality 9.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Burns with concomitant mechanical trauma (e.g. fractures) where the burn injury poses the greatest risk of morbidity and mortality 10.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Burns in children if there are no qualified personnel or equipment for pediatric care at the initial hospital 11.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Burns in patients requiring special social, emotional, and/or long-term rehabilitative support, including cases of suspected child abuse, substance abuse, etc Emergency Care Airway – initial attention must be directed to this; if patient is rescued from a burning building or exposed to a smoky fire, place on 100% oxygen by tight-fitting mask; if patient unconscious, place ET tube attached to a source of 100% oxygen Once airway is secured, assess patient for other injuries and transport to the nearest hospital. Begin fluid administration of crystalloid solution at a rate of approximately 1L/h. Wrap patient in clean sheet, remove constricting clothing and jewelries. Cold application is used in smaller burns, particularly scalds. Ice should not be used. Assessment of Inhalational Injury - suspect for patients with a flame burn, esp in enclosed space. Hoarseness and expiratory wheezes are signs of potentially serious airway edema or smoke poisoning; inspect mouth for swelling, blisters, soot; copious mucus production and carbonaceous sputum are signs of smoke inhalation and other products of combustion; get ABGs and carboxyhemoglobin levels (if >1, smoke inhalation)

Thursday, January 16, 2020

Problem Solving and Decision Making Essay

Much of what managers and supervisors do is solve problems and make decisions. New managers and supervisors, in particular, often make solve problems and decisions by reacting to them. They are â€Å"under the gun†, stressed and very short for time. Consequently, when they encounter a new problem or decision they must make, they react with a decision that seemed to work before. It’s easy with this approach to get stuck in a circle of solving the same problem over and over again. Therefore, as a new manager or supervisor, get used to an organized approach to problem solving and decision making. Not all problems can be solved and decisions made by the following, rather rational approach. However, the following basic guidelines will get you started. Don’t be intimidated by the length of the list of guidelines. After you’ve practiced them a few times, they’ll become second nature to you — enough that you can deepen and enrich them to suit your own needs and nature. (Note that it might be more your nature to view a â€Å"problem† as an â€Å"opportunity†. Therefore, you might substitute â€Å"problem† for â€Å"opportunity† in the following guidelines.) 1. Define the problem This is often where people struggle. They react to what they think the problem is. Instead, seek to understand more about why you think there’s a problem. Defining the problem: (with input from yourself and others) Ask yourself and others, the following questions: a. What can you see that causes you to think there’s a problem? b. Where is it happening? c. How is it happening? d. When is it happening? e. With whom is it happening? (HINT: Don’t jump to â€Å"Who is causing the problem?† When we’re stressed, blaming is often one of our first reactions. To be an effective manager, you need to address issues more than people.) f. Why is it happening? g. Write down a five-sentence description of the problem in terms of â€Å"The following should be happening, but isn’t †¦Ã¢â‚¬  or â€Å"The following is happening and should be: †¦Ã¢â‚¬  As much as possible, be specific in your description, including what is happening, where, how, with whom and why. (It may be helpful at this point to use a variety of research methods. Also see . Defining complex problems: a. If the problem still seems overwhelming, break it down by repeating steps a-f until you have descriptions of several related problems. Verifying your understanding of the problems: a. It helps a great deal to verify your problem analysis for conferring with a peer or someone else. Prioritize the problems: a. If you discover that you are looking at several related problems, then prioritize which ones you should address first. b. Note the difference between â€Å"important† and â€Å"urgent† problems. Often, what we consider to be important problems to consider are really just urgent problems. Important problems deserve more attention. For example, if you’re continually answering â€Å"urgent† phone calls, then you’ve probably got a more â€Å"important† problem and that’s to design a system that screens and prioritizes your phone calls. Understand your role in the problem: a. Your role in the problem can greatly influence how you perceive the role of others. For example, if you’re very stressed out, it’ll probably look like others are, too, or, you may resort too quickly to blaming and reprimanding others. Or, you are feel very guilty about your role in the problem, you may ignore the accountabilities of others. 2. Look at potential causes for the problem a. It’s amazing how much you don’t know about what you don’t know. Therefore, in this phase, it’s critical to get input from other people who notice the problem and who are effected by it. b. It’s often useful to collect input from other individuals one at a time (at least at first). Otherwise, people tend to be inhibited about offering their impressions of the real causes of problems. c. Write down what your opinions and what you’ve heard from others. d. Regarding what you think might be performance problems associated with an employee, it’s often useful to seek advice from a peer or your supervisor in order to verify your impression of the problem. e. Write down a description of the cause of the problem and in terms of what is happening, where, when, how, with whom and why. 3. Identify alternatives for approaches to resolve the problem a. At this point, it’s useful to keep others involved (unless you’re facing a personal and/or employee performance problem). Brainstorm for solutions to the problem. Very simply put, brainstorming is collecting as many ideas as possible, then screening them to find the best idea. It’s critical when collecting the ideas to not pass any judgment on the ideas — just write them down as you hear them. (A wonderful set of skills used to identify the underlying cause of issues is Systems Thinking.) 4. Select an approach to resolve the problem When selecting the best approach, consider: a. Which approach is the most likely to solve the problem for the long term? b. Which approach is the most realistic to accomplish for now? Do you have the resources? Are they affordable? Do you have enough time to implement the approach? c. What is the extent of risk associated with each alternative? (The nature of this step, in particular, in the problem solving process is why problem solving and decision making are highly integrated.) 5. Plan the implementation of the best alternative (this is your action plan) a. Carefully consider â€Å"What will the situation look like when the problem is solved?† b. What steps should be taken to implement the best alternative to solving the problem? What systems or processes should be changed in your organization, for example, a new policy or procedure? Don’t resort to solutions where someone is â€Å"just going to try harder†. c. How will you know if the steps are being followed or not? (these are your indicators of the success of your plan) d. What resources will you need in terms of people, money and facilities? e. How much time will you need to implement the solution? Write a schedule that includes the start and stop times, and when you expect to see certain indicators of success. f. Who will primarily be responsible for ensuring implementation of the plan? g. Write down the answers to the above questions and consider this as your action plan. h. Communicate the plan to those who will involved in implementing it and, at least, to your immediate supervisor. (An important aspect of this step in the problem-solving process is continually observation and feedback.) 6. Monitor implementation of the plan Monitor the indicators of success: a. Are you seeing what you would expect from the indicators? b. Will the plan be done according to schedule?   c. If the plan is not being followed as expected, then consider: Was the plan realistic? Are there sufficient resources to accomplish the plan on schedule? Should more priority be placed on various aspects of the plan? Should the plan be changed? 7. Verify if the problem has been resolved or not One of the best ways to verify if a problem has been solved or not is to resume normal operations in the organization. Still, you should consider: a. What changes should be made to avoid this type of problem in the future? Consider changes to policies and procedures, training, etc. b. Lastly, consider â€Å"What did you learn from this problem solving?† Consider new knowledge, understanding and/or skills. c. Consider writing a brief memo that highlights the success of the problem solving effort, and what you learned as a result. Share it with your supervisor, peers and subordinates. Decision making is a key role for any manager or leader. Surprisingly many people struggle when it comes to taking decisions. This might be due to: o Fear of failure o Lack of a structured approach o Procrastinating o Lack of clarity Whatever the barriers, there are 6 steps that you can follow when taking any decision. 1. Problem Definition Before you can start to take any decisions, you need to be absolutely clear the problem you are trying to reach a decision on. One simple technique is just to write out in a sentence what the problem is that you need to take a decision on. 2. Assess the implications All decisions have implications. If it is a decision at work, it has implications for you, your peers, your team and your superiors. Depending on the decision (e.g. a promotion at work) it may even have implications for your family, especially if it involves relocation. 3. Explore different perspectives Perspectives are simply different lenses through which you look at the problem. By exploring different perspectives you start to get a feel for those that you are most attracted to. 4. Get clear on your ideal outcome When you are faced with a big decision, it is easy to get lost in the detail and circumstances. An alternative is to get clear on your ideal outcome and use this ideal outcome to inform your choices. Imagine you aspire to be a CFO of a Top 100 company. By having clarity on your outcome, you can make choices on promotions and experience linked to this ideal outcome. 5. Weigh up pros and cons Another way of looking at a decision is to consider the advantages and disadvantages of each of the options open to you. Simply listing the advantages and disadvantages of each option is a powerful way of moving forward on decisions. 6. Decide and act Once you have gone through the previous 5 steps, commit to a choice or course of action and start to make it happen. To avoid procrastination, give yourself permission to be okay with any failings that might arise. At the end of the day there is no magic formula for decision making. Following some simple steps and acting can however move you into the realm of effective decision maker.

Wednesday, January 8, 2020

Sonny s Blues A Story Based On A Boy - 1279 Words

Sonny’s Blues is a story based on a boy by the name of Sonny, and his brother who is the narrator of the story. In the story Sonny was addicted to heroin, sent to prison, and he and his brother didn’t have much of a relationship. On the other hand, Sonny’s older brother had his life together. He was well educated as he was a mathematics teacher with a family that he had to support. The short story has a lot of connections and relations to some of the biblical stories. One being the prodigal’s son, and the other story being Cain and Abel. Sonny’s Blues was also based on the sufferings of the African American Community, as Sonny and his brother lived in Harlem, New York. Some examples of their sufferings would be their childhood†¦show more content†¦The celebration consisted of a fatted calf being requested to be killed. This celebration leaves the older son upset, because he has worked very hard for all the years the younger son has been awa y living in sin. One would say this message leaves knowledge to the meaning of one can be found in their lost days. In the article The Biblical Foundation Of James Baldwin s Sonny s Blues written by James Tackach, Tackach writes about the biblical relations to the Prodigal’s son. Tackach says that the Prodigal’s Son and Sonny’s Blues are â€Å"sin and redemption† stories. (Tackach 113) The younger sons â€Å"return to their families and are praised and saved†, while the older sons lose grace, which results to the older brother in Sonny’s Blues actually losing Grace. (Tackach) The other connection that was made to the bible was the story of Cain and Abel, found in the book of Genesis. Cain and Abel were the sons of Adam and Eve. Cain was the eldest, and he was jealous of Abel. The jealousy came into play as they gathered their fruits and soil to provide for the Lord. The Lord was pleased with the amount of offering Abel had, but not so much with the amount of offering Cain had. Cain was later angry, which lead him to take Abel in the field to kill him. One may say Sonny and his brother’s relationship was killing them both on the inside, by them not speaking to each other. This accusation may be the reason Sonny’s brother had to contact Sonny for